When you are hoping to have children, you don't want to think that you will be one of the ten percent of men and women who have problems conceiving. If you do have problems, there are many treatment options available. Infertility is generally defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of trying to conceive.

In order to understand infertility, you and your partner need to realize that it is just as common in women as it is in men and that there are several reasons behind infertility.

Two common reasons for female infertility are endometriosis and polycystic ovarian syndrome. Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a result of cysts on a woman's ovaries. These cysts cause the ovaries to form unnaturally; often they are larger than normal. Doctors still do not understand what causes the condition, but it can make getting pregnant without help impossible. Polycystic ovarian syndrome often results in infrequent menstrual cycles, increased levels of male hormones, pelvic pain, being overweight, and high blood pressure. Birth control pills are often prescribed for those who have polycystic ovarian syndrome, which will also make pregnancy difficult. Endometriosis is a condition when the uterine lining is found outside of the uterus. The tissue will result in lesions making your menstrual cycle painful. You may have scar tissue, bowel problems and infertility.

Male infertility is usually a result of not producing healthy sperm or a blockage that prevents the sperm from entering the semen. Infertility in males generally becomes a problem as they grow older. Anti sperm antibodies are another problem a male may experience, where the body rejects the sperm by killing it with antibodies. Hypogonadism is another condition that may result in male infertility.

It is a condition where there is damage to the pituitary gland, testicles, or hypothalamus. The last condition of male infertility is retrograde ejaculation, which means the semen is entering the bladder rather than exiting through the urethra.

If you are experiencing problems conceiving, the only way to determine what the problem may be is to seek medical attention. The physician will be able to do fertility testing on you and your partner to determine if you or your partner has one of the above conditions. There are several medical options available if you or your partner suffers from infertility. For women who suffer from endometriosis, surgery may be required to repair the disorder. Other options for women include drug therapy that will help promote ovulation using such infertility drugs as clomoiphene, gonadotropins and bromocriptine. Other options for conceiving include using a sperm, egg or embryo from a donor. Artificial insemination is also an option depending on what is causing the infertility.

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